Updated A.Y. 2014-2015

Prof. Andrea Buratti (Researcher of Public Law, School of Law of the University of Roma “Tor Vergata”) meet the students on Wednesday, 10-12 A.M., room 453, School of Law Building “La Romanina”, via O. Raimondo 18; or by appointment (


A) Western Constitutionalism
1. Constitutionalism: ancient and modern.
2. The birth of the Nation State in the Modern Age. The constituent elements of the State: territory, population, sovereignty. The constitutional Revolutions of the XVIII Century.
3. The evolution of the forms of the State.
4. Fundamental rights: legal features and transformations in western constitutionalism.
5. The legal order: norms and sources of law. The hierarchical system of the sources of law.
6. Criteria for the solution of antinomies.
7. The Constitution as superior paramount law in the western Constitutionalism. The rigidity of the Constitution.
8. The Constitutional review of the legislation..
B) Representative democracy and Parliamentary form of government
9. Patterns of democracy: direct and representative democracy.
10. Political representation and electoral systems.
11. The Forms of Government in comparative perspectives: parliamentary government.
12. The Forms of Government in comparative perspectives: Presidential and semi-Presidential Government.
C) European Union
13. The European Constitutions in the Post-Second World War and the openness to International law. Principles and sources of the international law and international organizations.
14. Origins and developments of the European Communities and the European Union.
15. The Treaties of the European Union and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of EU.
16. The Institutional frame of the European Union.
17. The sources of law of the European Union and their relevance in the domestic legal orders.
18. The principle of subsidiarity.
19. The European Court of Justice.
20. The European Convention of Human Rights: its relevance in the States legal orders and the protection of human rights by the European Court of Strasbourg.
D) Italian Constitution: sources of law and the system of constitutional review of the legislation
21. From the Italian Statute of 1848 to the Constitutional Assembly. Limits and procedures for the amendment of the Constitution (art. 138-139 I.C.).
22. The Parliamentary Law (art. 70-74 I.C.).
23. The Acts of the Executive Branch with force of law (art.76-77 I.C.).
24. The reservation to the Statutory Law. The Regulations of the Executive Branch.
25. The system of separation of competences between the sources of law: the Regional Law (art. 117 I.C.).
26. The popular Referendum on Legislative Acts (art. 75 I.C.).
27. The Italian Constitutional Court: the constitutional review of the legislation (art. 134-137 I.C.).
28. The Italian Constitutional Court: other functions.
E) Italian form of government
29. The structure of the Parliament (art. 55-69, 82 I.C.).
30. The status of the members of the Parliament (art. 68 I.C.).
31. The Parliamentary Confidence and the formation of the Cabinet (art. 92-94 I.C.).
32. The President of the Republic (art. 83-91 I.C.).
33. Structure of the Executive Branch and the Public Administration. (art. 95-100 I.C.).
34. Regional Form of Government (art. 121-126 I.C.). Local Government (art. 114-133 I.C.).
35. Constitutional Principles of the State Budget (art. 81 I.C.).
36. Politics and Jurisdiction: the independence of the judicial branch (art. 101-110 I.C.).

Texts for the preparation of the Exam:
A. - G.F. Ferrari, Introduction to Italian Public Law, Giuffrè 2008.
B. - R. Schütze, An Introduction to European Law, Cambridge University Press, 2012 (only parts I and II).

A written Pre-Exam will be held on December 17. Written and oral exam in February.