## SYSTEM DYNAMICS MODELLING AND SIMULATION FOR INTELLIGENT ORGANIZATIONS

## Syllabus

### Updated A.Y. 2021-2022

**SYSTEM DYAMICS MODELLING AND SIMULATION FOR INTELLIGENT ORGANIZATIONS (SYSDYN)**

(6 CFU - 36 hours)

Monday, Wednesday and Friday – 5pm-7pm

**Modality: Distance learning**

**Team Code: 937cy62**

** TRAINING OBJECTIVES**

The course aims to provide students with the theoretical and practical notions for the interpretation and management of complex dynamic systems. At the end of the course the Participants:

**KNOWLEDGE**:

- will know the spread in the world and possible areas of application of System Dynamics methodology
- will know theoretical and practical elements of System Thinking approach and System Dynamics models

**UNDERSTANDING:**

- will be able to interpret thought System Thinking approach the complex phenomena observed in reality
- will be able to understand and interpret existing static and dynamic models

**APPLYING KNOWLEDGE:**

- will learn to build static (System Thinking Maps) and dynamic (System Dynamics Models) models on PC, using for this purpose Vensim PLE software
- will be able to reproduce through System Thinking approach the complex phenomena observed in reality
- will be able to identify the points where the system is sensitive to interventions and test alternative scenarios that emerge with alternative hypotheses (policy design)

** MAKING JUDGEMENTS:**

- will acquire the ability to reason according System Thinking approach, overcoming the rigid mental patterns and limited rationality that can influence their actions
- will be able to synthesize and simplify complex concepts

**COMMUNICATION SKILLS:**

- will acquire the technical language used by the System Thinking / Dynamics methodologies

** LEARNING SKILLS:**

- will improve the ability to make decisions in all areas
- will acquire the aptitude for problem solving

** **During the course Participants will also know the “**2030 Agenda” for Sustainable Development** and its SDGs. Students will be stimulated to interpret by System Thinking/System Dynamics approach a complex phenomena observed in reality: The impacts of COVID-19 on Sustainable Development.

**PROGRAM**

**PART I – GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE**

**Lesson 1 **

Introduction to the course: objectives, contents, structure, rules, final exam.

*Project Work. Research topic: “The impacts of Covid-19 on 2030 Agenda SDGs”*

**Lesson 2 **

THEORY: *2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development*

EXERCISE 1

DISCUSSION 1

** Lesson 3 **

THEORY:* Why System Thinking (ST)/System Dynamics (SD)?*

- Introduction to ST, SD and modeling process

- Dissemination of the ST/SD in the world and areas of application

*Project Work Check*

** PART II - SYSTEM THINKING**

** Lesson 4 **

THEORY and EXAMPLES: ST. Variables and Relationships between variables

- Positive link between variables

- Introduction to Vensim PLE program

EXERCISE 2 on Vensim PLE

DISCUSSION 2

**Lesson 5 **

THEORY and EXAMPLES: ST. Variables and relationships between variables

- Negative link between variables

EXERCISE 3 on Vensim PLE

DISCUSSION 3

**Lesson 6 **

THEORY and EXAMPLES: ST. Positive Feedback Loops

EXERCISE 4 on Vensim PLE

DISCUSSION 4

**Lesson 7 **

THEORY and EXAMPLES: ST. Negative Feedback Loops

EXERCISE 5 on Vensim PLE

DISCUSSION 5

**Lesson 8 **

THEORY and EXAMPLES: ST. Systems Archetypes (Part 1)

“Negative circle with delay”

EXERCISE 6 on Vensim PLE

DISCUSSION 6

**Lesson 9 **

THEORY and EXAMPLES: ST. Systems Archetypes (Part 2)

“Limits to growth”

EXERCISE 7 on Vensim PLE

DISCUSSION 7

**Lesson 10 **

THEORY and EXAMPLES: ST. Systems Archetypes (Part 3)

“Fixes that fail” and “Procrastinating on interventions”

EXERCISE 8 on Vensim PLE

DISCUSSION 8

**Lesson 11**

THEORY and EXAMPLES: ST. Systems Archetypes (Part 4)

-“Eroding goals”

-“Escalation”

-“Success to the successful”

-“Tragedy of the commons”

-“Growth and underinvestment”

EXERCISE 9 on Vensim PLE

DISCUSSION 9

**PART III - SYSTEM DYNAMICS**

**Lesson 12 **

THEORY: SD. Level, flow and auxiliary variables.

EXERCISE 10 on Vensim PLE: building a simple SD model

DISCUSSION 10

**Lesson 13 **

THEORY: Modeling Functions:

- Modeling a time/historical series of data

EXERCISE 11 on Vensim PLE

**PART IV – APPLICATIONS OF SYSTEM THINKING/DYNAMICS METHODOLOGIES**

**Lesson 14 **

Applications of ST Methodology

* ***Lesson 15**

Applications of SD Methodology

**Lesson 16**

*System Dynamics for Covid-19*

**PART V – APPLICATIONS OF SYSTEM THINKING/DYNAMICS METHODOLOGIES - PW **

**Lesson 17**

Applications of SD Methodology

*Project Work Discussion 1*

*ST & SD model “The impacts of Covid-19 on 2030 Agenda SDGs”*

** Lesson 18 **

*Project Work Discussion 2*

*ST & SD model “The impacts of Covid-19 on 2030 Agenda SDGs”*

**Teaching methods adopted**

The course includes theoretical lectures, PC simulations, short tasks (practical exercises) and a PROJECT WORK requiring a written report, the construction of a simulation model and an oral presentation (see Project Work Format).

Each lesson (2 hour) is generally divided into 3 parts:

- LECTURE (THEORY)
- EXERCISE
- DISCUSSION

Modality: Distance learning. Link to Microsoft Teams classroom: https://teams.microsoft.com/l/team/19%3a52ee570a7fed4fc48f212166d0ef4675%40thread.tacv2/conversations?groupId=209c59b2-1217-4641-8447-c2fa88caef42&tenantId=24c5be2a-d764-40c5-9975-82d08ae47d0e

**Team Code: 937cy62**

*Attendance is not compulsory, but strongly recommended.*

**Learning verification methods and criteria**

Assessment consists of evaluating a project work. The project work consists of a written report (70% of the final grade) and an oral presentation (30% of the final grade).

Project work includes the exercises carried out during the course (or independently for non-attending students); the Project Work Format is available among the course materials (and it is illustrated in the introductory lesson).

**Teaching Materials and Text **(for attendant and not attendand studens):

Text: Senge P. (1990), The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization, Doubleday.

All the Slides, Videos and Articles* available on the course Team (uploaded on Microsoft Team).

NB: see “*Project Work Format*” and *“Syllabus” *files for details (uploaded on Microsoft Team).