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**Topic 1:** What is Politics?
**Topic 2:** The State and the Formation of the State
**Topic 3:** Democracy and Representation
**Topic 4:** Elections and Party Systems
**Topic 5:** Comparative Methods and Tools for Global Studies (Gaietta)
**Topic 6:** Bureaucracies and Public Policies (Gaietta)
**Topic 7:** Media and Interest Groups (Gaietta)
**Topic 8:** The EU: Transnationalization of Democracy (Zotti)
**Topic 9:** Models of Democracy - The Case of "Divided Societies"
**Focus 1:** South Africa: From Segregation to Dominant Party Democracy - and Beyond?
**Topic 9:** Authoritarianism and Democratization
**Topic 10:** In-Class Presentation of Student Projects




Prof. Ronza
J.R. Stayer, On the Medieval Origins of the Modern State, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2005 (or. ed. 1970).
Hanna F. Pitkin, The Concept of Representation, University of California Press, 1967 (chapter 10: “Political Representation”).
A. Lijphart, Democracy in Plural Societies: A Comparative Exploration. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977.
S.P. Huntington. The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.
S.P. Huntington, "The Clash of Civilizations?", Foreign Affairs, 72, 1992: 22-49.

Teaching methods

In-class teaching.

Exam Rules

Students will be assessed through 1) a written final examination, that will be based on essay questions and a multiple-choice section and will be aimed at determining students’ ability to use the materials and information discussed in class, and (2) a group presentation. Students are demanded to study class material assiduously and actively take part in class discussions, notably as they prepare their presentations throughout the course. Their mark will also be rounded off so as to reflect their homework and participation in the class discussions.
Students who do not participate in the group presentation or who reject their mark will take an additional written exam added to the final written exam.
Students who miss any of the assignments without any valid justification will be asked to read extra reading material. Their mark will be based 100% on another written exam. The same applies to students who plagiarize.

Non-attending students are required to take the final exam test with an additional written part based on additional readings they will be assigned. The mark will be based 100% on the final.